Why Is Route Of Administration Important?

What are the parenteral routes of administration?

There are five commonly used routes of parenteral (route other than digestive tract) administration: subcutaneous (SC/SQ), intraperitoneal (IP), intravenous (IV), intrader- mal (ID), and intramuscular (IM).

Not all techniques are appropriate for each species..

What is the fastest route of drug administration?

Intravenous (IV) Injection straight into the systemic circulation is the most common parenteral route. It is the fastest and most certain and controlled way. It bypasses absorption barriers and first-pass metabolism.

What are the advantages of oral route of administration?

The oral administration route is preferred over the various other administration routes of drug delivery due to the many advantages it exhibits. These advantages include safety, good patient compliance, ease of ingestion, pain avoidance, and versatility to accommodate various types of drugs (Sastry et al., 2000).

What are the 5 routes of drug administration?

Each route has specific purposes, advantages, and disadvantages.Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What is the characteristics of oral route?

Oral administration includes: Buccal, dissolved inside the cheek. Sublabial, dissolved under the lip. Sublingual administration (SL), dissolved under the tongue, but due to rapid absorption many consider SL a parenteral route.

What are 4 ways drugs can enter the body?

Substances can enter the body through various means. Drugs can be smoked, snorted, injected, swallowed (pills, capsules, liquids), or applied through transdermal means (applied to the skin). 1,2 Some substances can be eaten, such as marijuana.

What are the 3 checks of medication administration?

WHAT ARE THE THREE CHECKS? Checking the: – Name of the person; – Strength and dosage; and – Frequency against the: Medical order; • MAR; AND • Medication container.

How can medication administration errors be prevented?

10 Strategies for Preventing Medication ErrorsEnsure the five rights of medication administration. … Follow proper medication reconciliation procedures. … Double check—or even triple check—procedures. … Have the physician (or another nurse) read it back. … Consider using a name alert. … Place a zero in front of the decimal point. … Document everything.More items…•

What routes can antibiotics be given in?

Antibiotics can be given by a number of different routes including by mouth, injection into a vein or by washing inside the uterus and the surgical site with a saline solution containing the antibiotic.

What does buccal administration mean?

5.12. 2.1 Buccal Route. Buccal administration is intended for delivering drugs within/through the buccal mucosa in order to achieve a local or systemic effect.

What does it mean route of administration?

A route of administration in pharmacology and toxicology is the path by which a drug, fluid, poison, or other substance is taken into the body. Routes of administration are generally classified by the location at which the substance is applied. Common examples include oral and intravenous administration.

What is the process of safe medication administration?

One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “five rights”: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.

What are the 7 rights of drug administration?

To ensure safe medication preparation and administration, nurses are trained to practice the “7 rights” of medication administration: right patient, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, right reason and right documentation [12, 13].

What is the most utilized routes of administration?

Oral route. This is the most frequently used route for drug administration. … Sublingual/ Buccal route. … Rectal route. … Topical route. … Transdermal route. … Inhalational route/ pulmonary route. … Injection routes.

Why is it important to administer a medication by the proper route?

They need to be given at specific times, such as every morning, to keep that amount of drug in your system. Taking a dose too soon could lead to drug levels that are too high, and missing a dose or waiting too long between doses could lower the amount of drug in your body and keep it from working properly.

Which route of administration is used most often Why?

Oral administration This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. Solid dose forms such as tablets and capsules have a high degree of drug stability and provide accurate dosage.

What is ophthalmic route of administration?

Ophthalmic drug administration is the administration of a drug to the eyes, most typically as an eye drop formulation. Topical formulations are used to combat a multitude of diseased states of the eye. These states may include bacterial infections, eye injury, glaucoma, and dry eye.

What is the form of medication needed for parenteral route of administration?

The most com- mon route used to deliver parenteral medications is through injection; however, other parenteral routes include intravenous (within the vein), transdermal (through the skin), transmucosal (through the mucus membrane), topical (on the skin), and inhalation (through the respiratory tract).

What is IV and IP?

Intraperitoneal injection or IP injection is the injection of a substance into the peritoneum (body cavity). … In general, it is preferred when large amounts of blood replacement fluids are needed or when low blood pressure or other problems prevent the use of a suitable blood vessel for intravenous injection.

What are the advantages of inhalation route?

Compared with other routes of administration, respiratory drugs that are specifically designed for inhalation can offer significant benefits, including direct delivery to the disease target site, rapid onset of action, high and long-term pulmonary efficacy, and reduced risk of systemic side effects [7].

What are the 6 R’s of medication administration?

something known as the ‘6 R’s’, which stands for right resident, right medicine, right route, right dose, right time, resident’s right to refuse.