What Is The Most Common Route Of Medication Administration?

What are the four most common routes of drug administration?

There are four commonly used injection routes: intradermal (ID), subcutaneous (SC), intramuscular (IM), and intravenous (IV).

Other routes such as intra-arterial (IA), intrathecal (IT), intraperitoneal (IP), intravitreal etc., are used less frequently.

Administration beneath the skin; hypodermic..

What are four routes of administration?

Each route has specific purposes, advantages, and disadvantages.Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What are the 3 types of injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin.

Is sublingual or buccal better?

The main difference between buprenorphine / naloxone buccal film and sublingual tablets is a two-fold greater bioavailability due to greater absorption. There was wide intersubject variability but low intrasubject variability in buccal absorption of buprenorphine and naloxone in doses ranging from 0.875 to 6.3 mg.

What is the characteristics of oral route?

Oral administration includes: Buccal, dissolved inside the cheek. Sublabial, dissolved under the lip. Sublingual administration (SL), dissolved under the tongue, but due to rapid absorption many consider SL a parenteral route.

Are injections better than pills?

Some medications may provide further benefits in addition to speed when injected. For example, a pain relief medication that’s injected will better target the affected area, whereas a tablet will only provide general pain relief and may cause certain side effects, such as fatigue.

What are the common injectable routes of administration?

Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes:Subcutaneous (under the skin)Intramuscular (in a muscle)Intravenous (in a vein)Intrathecal (around the spinal cord)

Why is oral route preferred?

The oral administration route is preferred over the various other administration routes of drug delivery due to the many advantages it exhibits. These advantages include safety, good patient compliance, ease of ingestion, pain avoidance, and versatility to accommodate various types of drugs (Sastry et al., 2000).

What are five ways in which drugs can enter the body?

Substances can enter the body through various means. Drugs can be smoked, snorted, injected, swallowed (pills, capsules, liquids), or applied through transdermal means (applied to the skin).

Why is route of administration important?

The parenteral route is the most promising route after topical application in treating DFUs. This route offers direct administration of drugs into system circulation and also offers minimal metabolism when compared to the oral route, thereby providing more concentration of drug at the wound site.

What drug should never be given IV push?

NEVER administer an IV medication through an IV line that is infusing blood, blood products, heparin IV, insulin IV, cytotoxic medications, or parenteral nutrition solutions. Central venous catheters (central lines, PICC lines) may require special pre- and post-flushing procedures and specialized training.

What are the disadvantages of oral route?

Although solid-dose forms such as tablets and capsules have a high degree of drug stability and provide accurate dosage, the oral route is problematic because of the unpredictable nature of gastrointestinal absorption.

What is the route of administration for a medication?

Routes of medication administrationRouteExplanationoralswallowed by mouth as a tablet, capsule, lozenge, or liquidoticgiven by drops into the earrectalinserted into the rectumsubcutaneousinjected just under the skin12 more rows

Which is faster IV or IM?

IV drug administration achieves high plasma concentrations rapidly in plasma and tissues. Muscles are very vascular structures, and IM absorption occurs by drug diffusion from interstitial fluid and capillary membranes into plasma, and so onset of action is longer than IV injection.

What does buccal administration mean?

5.12. 2.1 Buccal Route. Buccal administration is intended for delivering drugs within/through the buccal mucosa in order to achieve a local or systemic effect.

What is IV or IM?

Injections are among the most common health care procedures throughout the world, with at least 16 billion administered in developing and transitional countries each year. 1 Intravenous (IV), subcutaneous (SC), and intramuscular (IM) are three most frequently used injection routes in medication administration.

What does buccal mean?

Buccal means relating to or located in the cheeks. … When it means located in the mouth, buccal is synonymous with oral, which is a much more common term. Buccal is used in anatomical terms like buccal cavity, buccal gland, and buccal nerve.

What’s a buccal tablet?

Buccal administration involves placing a drug between your gums and cheek, where it also dissolves and is absorbed into your blood. Both sublingual and buccal drugs come in tablets, films, or sprays.