What Are The Four Routes Of Administration?

What is the fastest route of absorption?

The fastest route of absorption is inhalation, and not as mistakenly considered the intravenous administration.

Absorption is a primary focus in drug development and medicinal chemistry, since the drug must be absorbed before any medicinal effects can take place..

Is inhalation faster than intravenous?

The drug effect is experienced in less than one minute. Inhaling or breathing a volatile substance such as petrol or nitrous oxide (also known as laughing gas) is almost as fast as IV drug use, because the gaseous molecules travel easily and quickly through the cell walls from the lungs into the bloodstream.

What does buccal administration mean?

Buccal administration involves placing a drug between your gums and cheek, where it also dissolves and is absorbed into your blood. Both sublingual and buccal drugs come in tablets, films, or sprays.

What is PR route of administration?

Medications administered per rectum (PR) are ideal for local or systemic treatment, as the rectal mucosa has a blood and lymph supply that is capable of effective systemic absorption.

What are the different routes of administration?

9.5. For small therapeutic molecules, various routes for drug administration are parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous), oral, nasal, ocular, transmucosal (buccal, vaginal, and rectal), and transdermal.

What are the abbreviations for the routes of administration?

Table: Common Medical and Prescription AbbreviationsAbbreviationMeaning / Intended MeaningCategoryIMintramuscularroute of administrationINintranasalroute of administrationinfinfusionroute of administrationinj.injectionroute of administration128 more rows•Jul 17, 2019

How is the route of administration of medication determined?

A route of administration in pharmacology and toxicology is the path by which a drug, fluid, poison, or other substance is taken into the body. Routes of administration are generally classified by the location at which the substance is applied. Common examples include oral and intravenous administration.

Which is faster IV or IM?

IV injections take effect the fastest, and the effects also dissipate the fastest. IM injections take effect the next fastest, and SQ injections take the longest to take effect. All 3 routes are used extensively in veterinary medicine. … IV IS ALWAYS THE FASTEST ROUTE THE NEXT QUICKEST IS RECTAL!

What are the five routes of administration?

Routes of administrationOral.Sublingual.Rectal.Topical.Parenteral – Intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous.

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What are the 10 routes of drug administration?

Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…