Question: What Is Local Route Of Drug Administration?

Which of the following is parenteral method of drug administration?

The most com- mon route used to deliver parenteral medications is through injection; however, other parenteral routes include intravenous (within the vein), transdermal (through the skin), transmucosal (through the mucus membrane), topical (on the skin), and inhalation (through the respiratory tract)..

What are the 10 routes of drug administration?

Each route has specific purposes, advantages, and disadvantages.Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What are the 3 types of injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin.

What are the routes of injection?

Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes:Subcutaneous (under the skin)Intramuscular (in a muscle)Intravenous (in a vein)Intrathecal (around the spinal cord)

What are the advantages of parenteral drug administration?

AdvantagesCan be used for drugs that are poorly absorbed, inactive or ineffective if given orally.The IV route provides immediate onset of action.The intramuscular and subcutaneous routes can be used to achieve slow or delayed onset of action.Patient concordance problems can be avoided.

What drug should never be given IV push?

NEVER administer an IV medication through an IV line that is infusing blood, blood products, heparin IV, insulin IV, cytotoxic medications, or parenteral nutrition solutions. Central venous catheters (central lines, PICC lines) may require special pre- and post-flushing procedures and specialized training.

What is the most common route of drug administration?

Oral administration This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. Solid dose forms such as tablets and capsules have a high degree of drug stability and provide accurate dosage.

Is inhalation a parenteral route?

Intravenous, intramuscular, topical, otic, conjunctival, nasal, inhalation, and subcutaneous are parenteral routes of administration. The intravenous route of medication is given directly into a vein.

Which is faster IV or IM?

IV injections take effect the fastest, and the effects also dissipate the fastest. IM injections take effect the next fastest, and SQ injections take the longest to take effect.

What are the two major routes of drug administration?

When the systemic absorption of a drug is desired, medications are usually administered by two main routes: the enteral route and the parenteral route. Enteral route involves absorption of the drug via the gastrointestinal tract and includes oral, sublingual, and rectal administration.

What are the advantages of inhalation route?

Compared with other routes of administration, respiratory drugs that are specifically designed for inhalation can offer significant benefits, including direct delivery to the disease target site, rapid onset of action, high and long-term pulmonary efficacy, and reduced risk of systemic side effects [7].

What is IV or IM?

Injections are among the most common health care procedures throughout the world, with at least 16 billion administered in developing and transitional countries each year. 1 Intravenous (IV), subcutaneous (SC), and intramuscular (IM) are three most frequently used injection routes in medication administration.

What happens if injection is given SQ?

However, subcutaneous injections can cause abscesses and granulomas. Muscle is probably spared the harmful effects of substances injected into it because of its abundant blood supply.

What are non parenteral drugs?

Nonparenteral is the route that oral medications (pills, capsules, syrups), topical medications (ointments, patches like nitro), and suppositories (vaginal and rectal) are administered. This route includes: Oral (medications are taken by mouth and absorbed into the system through the digestive system.

What is local route?

The local routes define a route for the one specific IP address configured on the router interface. Each local route has a /32 prefix length, defining a host route, which defines a route just for that one IP. address. For example, the last local route, for, defines a route that matches only the IP.

What are the four routes of parenteral administration?

There are five commonly used routes of parenteral (route other than digestive tract) administration: subcutaneous (SC/SQ), intraperitoneal (IP), intravenous (IV), intrader- mal (ID), and intramuscular (IM). Not all techniques are appropriate for each species.

What does buccal administration mean?

5.12. 2.1 Buccal Route. Buccal administration is intended for delivering drugs within/through the buccal mucosa in order to achieve a local or systemic effect.

Is oral parenteral?

For small therapeutic molecules, various routes for drug administration are parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous), oral, nasal, ocular, transmucosal (buccal, vaginal, and rectal), and transdermal.