Question: What Is IP Address Explain Subnetting With Example?

What is IP address and subnet mask?

A subnet mask is used to divide an IP address into two parts.

One part identifies the host (computer), the other part identifies the network to which it belongs.

To better understand how IP addresses and subnet masks work, look at an IP (Internet Protocol) address and see how it is organized..

What is subnetting and its advantages?

Subnetting is the practice of dividing up a network into two or more networks. … Common advantages of subnetting include enhancing routing efficiency, network management control, and improving network security.

How do you read an IP address?

Both IP versions however use the CIDR concept and notation. In this, the IP address is followed by a slash and the number (in decimal) of bits used for the network part, also called the routing prefix. For example, an IPv4 address and its subnet mask may be 192.0.2.1 and 255.255.255.0, respectively.

What is subnetting in IP address?

Subnetting is a way to divide an IP address block into smaller portions, so fewer IP addresses are wasted. We know for the first IP address, 200.1.0.0, 200.1.0 is the network portion, and .0 is the host portion. The full IP address in the 32 binary bits would look like: 11001000.00000001.00000000.00000000.

What is subnetting explain?

A subnetwork or subnet is a logical subdivision of an IP network. The practice of dividing a network into two or more networks is called subnetting. Computers that belong to a subnet are addressed with an identical most-significant bit-group in their IP addresses.

Why subnetting is needed?

Subnetting ensures that traffic destined for a device within a subnet stays in that subnet, which reduces congestion. … However, using a router to move traffic between subnets results in no broadcast traffic or any information that doesn’t need to be routed being moved to other subnets.

What does 24 mean in IP address?

There are two parts to an IP address, the network number and the host number. The subnet mask shows what part is which. /24 means that the first 24 bits of the IP address are part of the Network number (192.168. 0) the last part is part of the host address (1-254).

What is Classful subnetting?

Classful subnetting is a method of splitting a classful network number into two or more smaller subnets. … A single custom subnet mask is used to configure the subnets. You should be able to manually calculate the subnet address, broadcast address and the IP host range for each subnet, as well as the custom subnet mask.

What is subnetting explain with example?

Subnetting is the practice of dividing a network into two or more smaller networks. It increases routing efficiency, enhances the security of the network and reduces the size of the broadcast domain. Consider the following example: In the picture above we have one huge network: 10.0. 0.0/24.

What are the different classes of IP address?

IP address classesClassLeading bitsEnd addressClass A0127.255.255.255Class B10191.255.255.255Class C110223.255.255.255Class D (multicast)1110239.255.255.2551 more row

Does IP address change with SIM card?

The IP address is dynamically given by the network. … Your Phone’s IP- its not linked either to SIM card not to IMEI. Its linked to your service provider and generally dynamic in nature. The moment you connect to internet your ISP/ service provider will assign you an ip.

What are the 4 parts of an IP address?

IP Address ComponentsAddress Class. Early in the development of IP, the IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) designated five classes of IP address: A, B, C, D, and E. … Default Subnet Mask. … The Network Field. … The Host Field. … Non-default Masks. … The Subnet Field.

How do you subnetting IP addresses with examples?

For 1st Subnet-Subnet Address = First IP Address = 192.16.0.00000000 = 172.16.0.0.First Host ID = 192.16.0.00000001 = 192.16.0.1.Last Host ID = 192.16.0.01111110 = 192.16.0.126.Broadcast Address = Last IP Address = 192.16.0.01111111 = 172.16.0.127.

What is IP subnetting illustrate with example?

IP Subnetting is a process of dividing a large IP network in smaller IP networks. In Subnetting we create multiple small manageable networks from a single large IP network. Let’s take an example.

Is DHCP used in internet?

The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network management protocol used on Internet Protocol (IP) networks, whereby a DHCP server dynamically assigns an IP address and other network configuration parameters to each device on the network, so they can communicate with other IP networks.

Is VLAN and subnet the same thing?

At a high level, subnets and VLANs are analogous in that they both deal with segmenting or partitioning a portion of the network. However, VLANs are data link layer (OSI layer 2) constructs, while subnets are network layer (OSI layer 3) IP constructs, and they address (no pun intended) different issues on a network.

How many subnets are there?

Network BitsSubnet MaskNumber of Subnets/24255.255.255.00/25255.255.255.1282 (0)/26255.255.255.1924 (2)/27255.255.255.2248 (6)3 more rows•Aug 16, 2003

What is a 16 subnet?

It saves you from typing, or pronouncing, the whole mask. For example, /8 means 255.0. 0.0, /16 is 255.255. 0.0, and /24 is 255.255. 255.0.

How is subnet calculated?

The number of subnets is found by counting the number of bits by which the initial mask was extended, also known as the subnet bits. Our initial address allocation was 192.168. 0.0 with a mask of 255.255. 0.0.

What do IP address numbers mean?

The IP address is a 32-bit number that uniquely identifies a network interface on a machine. … An IP address is typically written in decimal digits, formatted as four 8-bit fields separated by periods. Each 8-bit field represents a byte of the IP address.