Question: What Are The Four Routes Of Parenteral Administration?

Which drug administration route is fastest?

Intravenous (IV) It is the fastest and most certain and controlled way.

It bypasses absorption barriers and first-pass metabolism.

It is used when a rapid effect is required, continuous administraction and large volumes..

What is the most common route of administration?

Oral administration This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. Solid dose forms such as tablets and capsules have a high degree of drug stability and provide accurate dosage.

What does buccal administration mean?

5.12. 2.1 Buccal Route. Buccal administration is intended for delivering drugs within/through the buccal mucosa in order to achieve a local or systemic effect.

What drug is IV?

Some medications must be given by an intravenous (IV) injection or infusion. This means they’re sent directly into your vein using a needle or tube. In fact, the term “intravenous” means “into the vein.” With IV administration, a thin plastic tube called an IV catheter is inserted into your vein.

Is sublingual faster than oral?

Peak blood levels of most products administered sublingually are achieved within 10‐15 minutes, which is generally much faster than when those same drugs are ingested orally. Sublingual absorption is efficient. The percent of each dose absorbed is generally higher than that achieved by means of oral ingestion.

What are the four routes of administration?

Each route has specific purposes, advantages, and disadvantages.Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

Why is the parenteral route used?

It is an indirect route to intravenous access because the bone marrow drains directly into the venous system. This route is occasionally used for drugs and fluids in emergency medicine and pediatrics when intravenous access is difficult and the need is immediate.

What is IV push?

Your doctor has ordered a medication that will go into your intravenous (IV) line. This is called an IV Push because the medication is “pushed” into your bloodstream with a syringe.

Is intramuscular injection faster than subcutaneous?

Intramuscular injections are absorbed faster than subcutaneous injections. This is because muscle tissue has a greater blood supply than the tissue just under the skin. Muscle tissue can also hold a larger volume of medication than subcutaneous tissue.

Which route of administration does not require absorption?

Parenteral route, on the other hand, refers to any routes of administration that do not involve drug absorption via the gastrointestinal tract (par = around, enteral = gastrointestinal), including injection routes (e.g., intravenous route, intramuscular route, subcutaneous route etc.), inhalational and transdermal …

What are the 3 types of injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin.

What is intravenous route of drug administration?

Intravenous (IV) is a method of administering concentrated medications (diluted or undiluted) directly into the vein using a syringe through a needleless port on an existing IV line or a saline lock.

Which one of the following is not a route of administration?

Explanation: Dissolution is actually not the route of administration ,however, it can occur as the part of the drug delivery through a particular route. Dissolution is not the route of administration.

Which route of medication administration has the slowest rate of absorption?

There are five ways someone can ingest or consume a drug, listed in order of slowest to fastest acting. Injection provides a direct route to the bloodstream, while the transdermal mode of administration requires an indirect and much slower process.